As a woman, you might be concerned about your health in terms of gynological issues. These are those conditions related to your reproductive system, that may lead to cervical cancer, prevent pregnancy, or make sexual activity or periods painful and hard to deal with. Keep reading to find out more about the common problems and what can be done about them.

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If you are a woman with extremely painful periods, you might have endometriosis. This is not the normal period pain most women experience – it is debilitating and has been compared to the pain of childbirth and related pains. Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue that is shed during a normal menstrual cycle often becomes inflamed and leads to growths or lesions. These are very painful and can cause infertility, among other issues.

The main symptoms for endometriosis are extremely painful menstrual cramps, back pain during sexual activity, and often a difficulty conceiving a child naturally. Talk to your doctor if you have these symptoms so that you can get tested for endometriosis.


It is possible that you have bad menstrual cramps without having endometriosis. This is a condition known as dysmenorrhea. Most women do have some sort of pain during menstruation, but it can have a wide range on the pain scale. The pain might also lead to symptoms you thought were PMS=related, btu are from the pain, such as fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Dysmenorrhea might be caused by other conditions, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or infections, making it a secondary type of pain.

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Uterine Fibroids

Another gynological condition women might experience is uterine fibroids. These are growths that appear on the uterus, but are not cancerous. They are not associated with uterine cancer or even a risk of developing this type of cancer, but can cause issues like pain and bleeding. Typically someone with uterine fibroids might have difficulty with long menstrual periods and heavy bleeding, leg pain, back pain, constipation, and frequent urination. Talk to your doctor to learn more about uterine fibroids and what can be done about them.


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Known as PCOS, polycystic ovarian syndrome can also cause issues with your menstrual cycle and ability to get pregnant. When you have PCOS, it leads to a major imbalance of your hormones. You might have long or short periods, problems with getting pregnant, and physical changes like hair on your face and neck, or weight that you can’t seen to get rid of on your own.

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